The Television Academy Emmy Awards process relies on a peer judging system.
A peer judge is defined as any person who is professionally experienced in the field of television program production or programming who is directly engaged in or supervises the discipline they’re being asked to judge.
Potential judges may also include professionals in allied fields, who by the specific nature of their work are uniquely qualified to make judgmental decisions concerning particular areas of television production.
Examples of peer judges include: television writers; producers; directors; programming, production and news executives; craft persons; advertising agency executives and creative directors involved in programming decisions; print journalists (who have hands-on television production experience); sports professionals; college university educators who represent journalism, film, television and former broadcast journalists.
Panels of a minimum 5 judges are assembled in various chapters in cities across the country. The votes are cast with a secret written ballot. Each judge scores each entry on 3 criteria. Creativity, Content and Execution. Each area is scored on a scale from 1 to 10. A perfect score would be 30 points. The ballots are returned and tabulated by an auditor in secret. The Awards committee is presented a double blind category list containing the scores arranged by percentile. (click here to see sample sheet).
The Committee reviews each blind category and decides if there is a winner, or more than one winner. They then continue to look at the scores and decide a cut off point to determine who is recognized as a nominee. The remainder... well, thank you for entering and please try again next year. The marked sheet is returned to the auditor who decodes the blind name into the correct category name and assigns winner and nominated tags to the appropriate entries.
The categories are reassembled in order and the nominations list is generated. Throughout this entire process each entry carries a unique serial number. The serial numbers are matched to ensure accuracy.
The only flaw in the system is the person entering the data last January. If you didn't spell it right then, it won't be spelled right now.